It is well-known that excessive exposure to sunlight can cause skin burns. Light-skinned people are more sensitive to sunlight, and, therefore, they should pay special attention to preventative measures. Sunburn is associated with skin cancer, so awareness on this issue is significant for all of us.
Sunburn is the result of exposure to UVA and mainly to UVB sunbeams.
Prevention is the most important for the treatment of burns, namely the avoidance of long hours of sun exposure and especially during the hours between 12:00 and 16:00 of the day, along with the use of sunscreen with a high protection index.
In simple cases the burn is manifested by slight redness of the area and mild pain.
In more advanced conditions the redness is more intense and the pain as well, while blisters, fluid loss and dehydration may occur. The blisters need special care so that they do not get infected.
In those cases where help is not sought in time, the body can enter into a shock phase or develop sunstroke, as it is called, which is a life-threatening condition.
Measures of Treatment
- Cool shower without the use of shower gels or other preparations, drying without rubbing the affected area
Cold packs, frequent renewal
Painkillers or anti-inflammatory drugs
Plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration
Special pharmaceutical moisturizers
Mild antiseptic in case of blistering
Absolute avoidance of sun exposure
If, despite the above measures, the patient does not feel an improvement in his/her health or belongs to a high-risk group, it is advisable to seek medical advice.